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Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)

The CFIA is responsible for protecting human and animal health in Canada. They implement and monitor testing programs to prevent and control the spread of diseases to the livestock sector, including horses. In addition, the CFIA carries out programs related to horse health to guard against the entry of foreign animal diseases and prevent the spread of specific domestic animal diseases.

As per the CFIA, animal disease categories include:

Reportable Diseases

Animal owners, veterinarians and laboratories are required to immediately report the presence of an animal that is contaminated or suspected of being contaminated with one of the Federally Reportable Diseases in Canada to a CFIA district veterinarian.

Immediately Notifiable Diseases

In general, immediately notifiable diseases are diseases exotic to Canada for which there are no control or eradication programs. Only laboratories are required to contact the CFIA regarding the suspicion or diagnosis of one of these diseases.

Annually Notifiable Diseases

Annually notifiable diseases are diseases for which Canada must submit an annual report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) indicating their presence within Canada. In general, they are diseases that are present in Canada, but are not classified as reportable or immediately notifiable.

National & Infectious Disease Fact Sheets

The CFIA provides fact sheets and important information on reportable national and infectious diseases in Canada, including:







CFIA Releases Proposed National Equine Infectious Anemia Disease Control Program

In response to a recent release from CFIA, the SHF encourages you to register your points of concern or support for the recently released proposal for a National EIA Disease Control Program.



Changes to Use of Medically Important Antimicrobials

Health Canada, as of December 1, 2018, is making changes to the dispensing of all Medically Important Antimicrobials (MIAs). From that date onward, products containing antibiotics will require a prescription from a veterinarian, and can only be dispensed by a veterinarian, or licensed pharmacist. Health Canada is making these changes to aid in protecting human health by reducing the factors to the nationwide incidents of drug resistant organisms.

How does this affect horse owners and animal welfare?  Horse owners may have been in the habit of obtaining products containing antibiotics at feed stores or tack shops, rather than through their veterinarian.  They may also have imported products containing antibiotics for their own use from the US, or from online pharmacies in the past.  These options will no longer be available.  Those without a veterinarian, with whom they have a valid client-patient-relationship, will not be able to access products that contain antibiotics without a prescription.  Horse owners in remote areas may have greater difficulty obtaining products containing antibiotics.